Public fee and support system for students in Europe

Country
Date of publication
Found: 72
CountryStudent fee
Austria 2013/14 - student fees and grants
EU students and those who are accorded the same rights do not have to pay tuition fees.

Austrian students, EU students and students with equal status at universities and Pädagogische Hochschule do not have to pay fees, but if they exceed the minimum study duration for more than a year, they have to pay EUR 363.36 per semester.

All other students at Pädagogische Hochschule have to pay fees (EUR 363.36 per semester).

Students at universities and Pädagogische Hochschule can be exempt from paying in cases such as studies or internships within transnational mobility programmes, illness, pregnancy and disabilities.

International students (i.e. non-EU and EEC students) at universities have to pay fees of EUR 726.72 per semester, with the exception of students from the least developed countries. Students from developing countries may be exempt from the fees according to a respective decision of the university.

Providers of the Fachhochschulen (universities of applied sciences) are entitled to charge fees up to the maximum amount of EUR 363.36 per semester. Additionally, the providers are entitled to charge cost-covering fees, which are usually higher than EUR 363.36 per semester, from third-country students.
Austria 2015/16 - student fees and grants
EU students and those who are accorded the same rights do not have to pay tuition fees, and there are also no administrative fees.

Austrian students, EU students and students with equal status at universities and Pädagogische Hochschule (University Colleges of Teacher Education) do not have to pay fees, but if they exceed the minimum study duration by more than a year, they have to pay EUR 363.36 per semester.

Other students at Pädagogische Hochschule (University Colleges of Teacher Education) have to pay fees of EUR 363.36 per semester.

Students at universities and Pädagogische Hochschule (University Colleges of Teacher Education) can be exempt from paying in cases such as studies or internships within transnational mobility  programmes, illness and pregnancy. Students with disabilities may also be exempt.

International students (i.e. non-EU and EEC students) at universities generally have to pay fees of EUR 726.72 per semester. Students from developing countries may be exempt from these fees according to a decision of the university.

Providers of the Fachhochschulen (universities of applied sciences) are entitled to charge fees up to the maximum amount of EUR 363.36 per semester. In the case of international students (i.e. non-EU and EEC students) the providers are entitled to charge cost-covering fees, which are usually higher than EUR 363.36 per semester.
Belgium - flemish 2013/14 - student fees and grants
A fixed registration fee of EUR 66.50 is paid at the beginning of an academic year. In addition, students pay the flexible tuition fee according to a number of ECTS credits followed. Each credit point carries a fee of EUR 9.10.

The amount of fees varies with the income of the student and the type of study programme. If a student is eligible for a grant, the maximum payable fee amount is EUR 80.

Non-EU students may be requested to pay higher tuition fees.
Belgium - flemish 2015/16 - student fees and grants
The student fee has two components: a fixed amount of EUR 230 and a flexible part that differs with the number of ECTS credits followed. Each credit point carries a fee of EUR 11. This means that for a full time student (60 ECTS points) the total fee is EUR 890. The amount of fees varies with the income of (the parents of) the student. If a student is eligible for a grant, (s)he pays only EUR 105 per academic year. An intermediate tariff of EUR 470 applies for students who are almost on a grant (i.e. almost meet the income criteria linked to a need-based grant).

Fees for non-EU students are determined by the governing board of higher education institutions, and may be higher than for EU students.
Belgium - french 2013/14 - student fees and grants
Fee limits are set by the government of the French Community of Belgium. Fee levels depend on the student's financial situation. For academic year 2013/14, the maximum fee is EUR 837, the intermediate fee is EUR 374 (for students not receiving a grant but considered as lower income) and there are no fees for those students receiving a grant.

There are some differences in fees between universities and non-university higher education institutions. Until 2017 non- university higher education institutions can charge complementary registration and administrative fees in addition to registration fees, but the total amount cannot exceed EUR 837/year. Those complementary registration and administrative fees range from EUR 0 (for grant holders) to EUR 179 depending on the type of programme and the financial situation of students; they apply to all students. Those fees will continuously decrease till 2017 when they will cease to exist.

Students from outside the EU have to pay additional specific fees. For programmes organised by university colleges and arts colleges, the additional specific fees (droits d'inscription spécifiques) are fixed by law: EUR 992 for professional- oriented programmes and EUR 1 487 for academic-oriented programmes of 1st cycle; EUR 1 984 for programmes of 2nd cycle. For programmes organised by universities, it is fixed by law that the maximal amount should not exceed 5 times the registration fees. In practice, universities (through the Interuniversity Council) have adopted harmonised amounts. Those amounts differ depending on the country of origin of the students (1). The complementary registration and administrative fees mentioned in the previous bullet remain applicable to non-EU students.
Belgium - french 2015/16 - student fees and grants
Fee limits are set by the government of the French Community of Belgium. Fee levels depend on the student's financial situation. For  the academic year 2015/16, the maximum fee is EUR 836, the  intermediate fee is EUR 374 (for students not receiving a grant but considered as lower income) and there are no fees for those students receiving a grant.

There are some differences in fees between universities and  non-university higher education institutions. Until 2017 nonuniversity higher education institutions can charge complementary registration  and administrative fees in addition to registration fees, but the total amount cannot exceed EUR 836/year. Those complementary  registration and administrative fees range from EUR 0 (for grant  holders) to EUR 179 depending on the type of programme and the  financial situation of students; they apply to all students. These fees  will continuously decrease until 2017 when they will cease to exist.

Students from outside the EU have to pay additional specific fees. For programmes organised by university colleges and arts colleges, the  additional specific fees (droits d’inscription spécifiques) are fixed by  law: EUR 992 for professionaloriented programmes and EUR 1 487  for academic-oriented programmes in the 1st cycle; EUR 1 984 for  programmes of 2nd cycle. For programmes organised by universities, the law stipulates that the maximum amount should not exceed 5 times the registration fees. In practice, universities (through the  Interuniversity Council) adopted harmonised amounts. Those amounts differ depending on the country of origin of the students (2). The  complementary registration and administrative fees mentioned in the  previous bullet remain applicable to non-EU students.

(2) Exact amounts are available here: http://www.ulb.ac.be/enseignements/inscriptions/frais-etudes.html
Belgium - german 2013/14 - student fees and grants
Higher education provision exists only at ISCED 5B level. All students have to pay fees at registration. Amounts range in theory from EUR 100 to 600. In practice nearly all students pay the same amount of EUR 425.
Belgium - german 2015/16 - student fees and grants
Higher education provision exists only at ISCED 5B level. All students have to pay fees at registration. Amounts range in theory from EUR 100 to 600. In practice, nearly all students pay the same amount of EUR 450.There is no distinction made between full and part-time students. Students from outside the European Union pay the same fees as Belgian and EU nationals.
Bulgaria 2013/14 - student fees and grants

Public higher education institutions define their own fees, but maximum amounts are set by the government.
 
Student fees depend on the programme and field of study. The lowest fees are paid in the following fields of study: pedagogy, economics, administration and management. 

The first cycle fees in the state universities for full-time studies range from BGN 300 to BGN 1 450 and for part-time studies  from BGN 115 to BGN 980.  he  second cycle fees for full-time studies  range from BGN 300 to BGN 1 550 and for part-time studies from BGN 115 to BGN 1 000.

Certain categories of students are exempted from paying fees. They include orphans, persons with disabilities, war invalids and senior cadets in military schools. 

Fees of international students are subject to different rules. 
Bulgaria 2015/16 - student fees and grants
Public higher education institutions define their own fees, but maximum amounts are set by the government.

Student fees depend on the programme and field of study. The lowest fees are paid in social sciences, economics and law.

The first cycle fees in the state universities for full-time studies range from BGN 300 to BGN 1 450 per year and for part-time studies from BGN 115 to BGN 1 000. Annual second cycle fees for full-time studies range from BGN 300 to BGN 1 550 and for part-time studies from BGN 115 to BGN 1 000.

Certain categories of students are exempted from paying fees. They include orphans, persons with disabilities, war invalids and senior cadets in military schools.

Fees of international students are subject to different rules and are generally higher than those paid by Bulgarian students.
Croatia 2013/14 - student fees and grants
Fees for all students of the first year of both cycles are fully covered by the Ministry of Science, Education and Sports.

In the following years of study, the amount of student fees depends on a range of criteria set by the individual higher education institutions (e.g. number of ECTS credits and fulfilment of particular study obligations). For some students fees are paid by government, some students pay a certain share of the fee, and some pay the full amount of the fee. [In the academic year 2012/13, full tuition fees were covered by the government for 38 % of students, while 61 % of students participated in fees to some extent].

The fees in both cycles range from HRK 5 000 till 10 000 per year.

At bachelor level, 25 % of total number of students (counting all students in all three years, including the ones of the first year who do not pay anything) pay some participation in the fees. At master level the corresponding percentage is 20 %.
Croatia 2015/16 - student fees and grants
Fees for all full-time students of the first year of both cycles are fully covered by the Ministry of Science, Education and Sports.

In the following years of study, the amount of student fees depends on a range of criteria set by the individual higher education institutions (e.g. number of ECTS credits and fulfilment of particular study obligations). For some students fees are paid by government, some students pay a certain share of the fee, and some pay the full amount of the fee. [In the academic year 2014/15, full fees were covered by the government for about 40 % of students, while about 60 % of students participated in fees to some extent.

The fees in both cycles range from HRK 5 000 to 10 000 per year.

Part time students pay full fees.

International students from outside the EU pay fees that are determined by higher education institutions, with maximum amounts regulated.
Cyprus 2013/14 - student fees and grants
Higher education institutions can define their own fees within limits set by the Ministry of Education and Culture.

First cycle: fees total EUR 1 709 per semester for Cypriot students and for students admitted from EU countries. These fees are paid fully by the State.

International students pay fees. Fees for students admitted from non-EU countries total EUR 3 417 per semester.

Second cycle: all students pay fees which range from EUR 5 125 to 10 250.
Cyprus 2015/16 - student fees and grants
Higher education institutions can define their own fees within limits set by the Ministry of Education and Culture.

First cycle: fees total EUR 1 709 per semester (EUR 3 417 per year) for Cypriot students and for students admitted from EU countries. These fees are paid fully by the State.

International students pay fees. Fees for students admitted from non-EU countries total EUR 3 417 per semester (EUR 6 834 per year).

Second cycle: all students pay fees which range from EUR 4 100 to 10 250 per year.
Czech Republic 2013/14 - student fees and grants
Fees are only related to admission procedures and need to be paid once per cycle. No tuition fees are paid by 'typical' higher education students.

Students who exceed a regular length of study by at least one year have to pay fees. The fee amounts to at least CZK 7 998/academic year, based on the average cost of a student for the public budget. No maximum is set by law.

Students who study in second or further degree programmes have to pay fees (maximum CZK 2 666/academic year).

Students of study programmes in a foreign language also have to pay tuition fees and no maximum limit is set by law. Such arrangements are decided by each higher education institution.

Fees for international students are the same as for home students.
Czech Republic 2015/16 - student fees and grants
Fees are only related to admission procedures and need to be paid once per cycle. No tuition fees are paid by 'typical' higher education students, provided that they complete their study programme in the regular timeframe.

Students who exceed a regular length of study by more than one year have to pay fees. Exemptions are made for students who become parents during their studies. The fee amounts to at least CZK 8 790 /academic year, based on the average cost of a student for the public budget. No maximum is set by law.

Students who study in second or further degree programmes have to pay fees (maximum CZK 2 666/academic year).

Students of study programmes in a foreign language also have to pay tuition fees and no maximum limit is set by law. Such arrangements are decided by each higher education institution.

Fees for international students are the same as for home students, as long as they study in the Czech language.
Denmark 2013/14 - student fees and grants
No fees for national and EU full-time students.

All students studying in part-time courses pay fees set by higher education institutions.

International students pay fees set by higher education institutions.
Denmark 2015/16 - student fees and grants
No fees for national and EU full-time students.

All students studying in part-time courses pay fees set by higher education institutions, with a minimum of EUR 268.

International students pay fees set by higher education institutions.
England 2013/14 - student fees and grants
1st cycle full-time – fees are set by institutions but capped at a maximum of GBP 9 000 for institutions with an approved access plan (to safeguard fair access for low income and other under-represented groups) and GBP 6 000 for institutions without an access plan. The average for 2012/13 was GBP 8 385. Students are not required to pay up front and can apply for a loan to cover the full fee. Repayments are income-contingent and made at the rate of 9 % of income above the threshold of GBP 21 000. These fees apply to students from all parts of the UK and from the EU but for students from Wales can be offset by a fee grant from the Welsh Government.

1st cycle part-time – fees are set by institutions but capped at GBP 6 750. Students are not required to pay up front and can apply for a loan to cover the full fee. Repayments as for full-time students.

2nd cycle – fees are unregulated. The ‘most common’ fee (GBP 3 900) represents an indicative amount for doctoral research programmes (which may incorporate masters level study) set by the Research Councils and used as a guide by many institutions. Actual fees charged vary widely, particularly for taught programmes.

1st and 2nd cycle international students – fees are unregulated.
England 2015/16 - student fees and grants
1st cycle full-time – fees are set by institutions and capped at GBP 9 000 for institutions with an approved access plan (to safeguard fair access for low income and other under-represented groups) and GBP 6 000 for institutions without an access plan. The average fee for 2014/15 was GBP 8 601 before fee waivers (discounts offered by institutions) and GBP 8 448 after fee waivers. Students are not required to pay up front and can apply for a loan to cover the full fee. Repayments are income-contingent and are set at 9 % of earnings above the threshold of GBP 21 000; interest rates are Retail Price Index plus 3 %.

1st cycle part-time – fees are set by institutions and capped at GBP 6 750. Students studying a course of at least 25 % intensity are not  required to pay up front and can apply for a loan to cover the full fee. Repayments as for full-time students.

2nd cycle – fees are unregulated and vary widely. The ‘most common’ shown (GBP 4 052) represents an indicative fee level for research students in 2014/15 set by Research Councils UK.

For 1st and 2nd cycle international students fees are unregulated.
Estonia 2013/14 - student fees and grants
From 2013/14 enrolment higher education institutions (HEIs) in both cycles have the right to charge study fees under certain conditions. All students who manage to achieve 30 ECTS per semester and 60 ECTS per year in Estonian language curriculum can study without any fees. If student receives 29 ECTS per semester, HEIs have the right (not obligation) to charge him/her for each ECTS. In other words, any ECTS missing from 100 % study load can be charged.

Study fees are regulated by the Government.

Maximum cost of one ECTS is EUR 50. Exceptions are made in arts, medicine, veterinary, dentistry (EUR 100) and aircraft piloting (EUR 120).

Fees are not regulated for students studying in other language, for part-time students and for HEIs that do not receive state funding (private institutions).
Estonia 2015/16 - student fees and grants
Since 2013/14 higher education institutions (HEIs) have the right to charge study fees under certain conditions in both cycles. All full-time students who achieve 30 ECTS per semester and 60 ECTS per year in the Estonian language curriculum can study without paying any fees. If a student receives fewer credits, HEIs have the right to charge for any ECTS missing from a 100 % study load. The maximum cost of one ECTS is EUR 50. Exceptions are made in arts, medicine, veterinary, dentistry (EUR 100) and in aircraft piloting (EUR 120). HEIs thus have the right to demand compensation of study costs from part-time students or students studying in other languages than Estonian.

Exceptions are made for certain groups of students including disabled students, students who are parents or guardians of a child under the age of 7, and parents of a disabled child.

All students enrolled before 2013/14 can continue to study according to the previous state-commissioned studyplace system until 2015/16.
Finland 2013/14 - student fees and grants
No student fees.

In selected English-language Master's degree programmes, the Finnish higher education institutions can charge tuition fees from non-EU/EEA nationals during the ongoing trial period (2010-2014).
Finland 2015/16 - student fees and grants
No student fees.
France 2013/14 - student fees and grants
The amount of fees per year fixed by the Ministry of Higher Education and Research is EUR 183 in the first cycle (L1, L2, L3) and EUR 254 in the second cycle (M1, M2). However, a number of universities have decided to add associated costs related to specific services (e.g. for diplomas related to continuing learning and training). In some public universities, the tuition fees can reach more than EUR 2 000 per year.

Fees in the grandes écoles and Engineering Schools vary, but the most common amount is EUR 550 per year. However, tuition fees in some of them reach up to EUR 10 000 per year, depending on family income. However, there are grandes écoles which not only deliver education free of charge, but may even pay some students (such students are prospective civil servants and receive a wage from the State), e.g. in école polytechnique and écoles normales supérieures.

Students who receive a grant (34.7 % of the student population in 2012/13) are exempted from fees.
France 2015/16 - student fees and grants
The amount of fees per year fixed by the Ministry of Higher Education and Research is EUR 184 in the first cycle (L1, L2, L3) and EUR 256 in the second cycle (M1, M2). In addition fees of EUR 215 per year, irrespective of the cycle of studies, are charged to all students aged 20-28. These fees are related to the social security system. A number of universities have decided to add associated costs related to specific services (e.g. for diplomas related to continuing learning and training). In some public universities, depending on the type of studies and the
qualifications acquired, the fees can reach more than EUR 2 000 per year.

Fees in the grandes écoles and engineering schools vary, but the most common amount is EUR 600 per year – not including fees related to social security and partnerships with universities. Tuition fees in some institutions reach up to EUR 10 000 per year, depending on family income. However, there are also grandes écoles which not only deliver education without charging fees, but may even pay some students (such students are prospective civil servants and receive a wage from the State), e.g. in école polytechnique and écoles normales supérieures.

Students who receive a grant (34.7 % of the student population in 2014/15) are exempted from fees.

Non-EU students pay the same fees as those from within the EU.
Germany 2013/14 - student fees and grants
In 15 of the 16 German Länder studying is free of charge (Bavaria decided that fees are not in force as of winter semester 2013/14). Only in Lower Saxony students have to pay fees of maximum EUR 1 000 per academic year, which is defined by law. Only administrative charges are paid by all students.

When exceeding the regular study period, students may be liable to pay fees even in those Länder that do not charge fees.

Students can be exempt based on need- or merit-based criteria.

Different fees may be charged to students from outside the EU and EEA countries.
Germany 2015/16 - student fees and grants
In all of the German Länder, studying is free of charge for both full-time and part-time students. Lower Saxony was the last land to give up tuition fees, which it did in 2014/15. In the majority of Länder, low administrative fees are charged to all students.

Students in five Länder are liable to pay fees when exceeding the regular study period.

Students from outside the EU and EEA countries also do not pay fees.
Hungary 2013/14 - student fees and grants
Higher education institutions (HEIs) specify the amount of fees in accordance with a government decree.

Fees are charged to students without a state-funded place. State-funded places are awarded to students on the basis of their performance in the admission procedure. [2012: 57 % of places were state-funded.]

The fees range from HUF 230 000 to 1 600 000 in 1st cycle and from HUF 450 000 to 1 900 000 in 2nd cycle. The fees are between HUF 300 000 and 2 700 000 in undivided long programmes.

Best-performing students with non-state-funded status can obtain state-funded status during their studies. On the other hand, state-funded students who exceed the prescribed period of study or do not obtain at least 50 % of the prescribed number of credits and the marks determined by the HEI lose their state-funded status.

International students pay the same amount of fees as non-state-funded students.
Hungary 2015/16 - student fees and grants
There are two basic types of financial statuses for students: state-funded and self-financed.

Higher education institutions (HEIs) stipulate the amount of fees per semester for each programme based on costs and in accordance with a government decree providing a minimum and a maximum fee for the different levels and fields of study.

Fees are charged to self-financing students. State-funded places are awarded through a centralised admissions procedure to students on the basis of their academic performance with preferment to disadvantaged students and students with disabilities. In 2014, 63 % of places were state-funded.

The fees range from HUF 230 000 to 1 600 000 in the 1st cycle and from HUF 450 000 to 1 900 000 in the 2nd cycle. The fees are between HUF 300 000 and 2 700 000 in undivided master  programmes.
Iceland 2013/14 - student fees and grants
All students at public higher education institutions pay administrative registration fee of ISK 60 000 per academic year. Over 80 % of students at 1st and 2nd cycle study at public higher education institutions.

Government dependent private higher education institutions charge a tuition fee that covers registration costs and teaching. The fee is around ISK 175-400 000 per academic year.

The same rules apply to international students.
Iceland 2015/16 - student fees and grants
All students at public higher education institutions pay administrative registration fee of ISK 75 000 per academic year. Over 80 % of students at 1st and 2nd cycle study at public higher education institutions.

The same rules apply to international students.
Ireland 2013/14 - student fees and grants
For the first cycle, full-time EU students are exempt from full tuition fees if they meet the terms of the 'free fees scheme', but pay a 'student contribution' of EUR 2 500 per academic year. Full-time EU students who do not meet the terms of the scheme must pay a consolidated fee covering both tuition fee and student contribution - the average EU consolidated fee is EUR 6 000.

For the second cycle, the majority of students pay tuition fees.

Part-time fees are generally half of full tuition fees for full-time programmes.

International student fees are generally two to three times that of full EU fees and are set by the higher education institutions.
Ireland 2015/16 - student fees and grants
For the first cycle, full-time EU students are exempt from full tuition fees if they are first-time undergraduates, hold inter alia EU/EEA/Swiss nationality in their own right, and have been ordinarily resident in an  EU/EEA/Swiss state for at least three of the five years preceding their entry to an approved third level course. However, these students nevertheless pay a 'student contribution' of EUR 3 000 per academic year. Full-time EU students who do not meet the terms of the 'free fees' scheme must pay a consolidated fee covering both tuition fee and  student contribution – the average EU consolidated fee is EUR 6 000.

For the second cycle, the majority of students pay tuition fees that are set by higher education institutions, and that may reach EUR 30 000 per year.

Part-time fees are generally half of full tuition fees for full-time  programmes.

In both cycles, international student fees are generally two to three times higher than those of full EU fees and are set by the higher education institutions.
Italy 2013/14 - student fees and grants
Higher education institutions (HEIs) define the fees at the beginning of the academic year and they differentiate them according to the students' socio - economic status, field of studies, cycle, study status - full-time or part-time - and year of registration. Furthermore, HEIs are obliged to exempt students benefiting from student support, and they can also exempt some students on the basis of merit. The overall amount of fees at the end of financial year should not be higher than 20 % of public funding. The amount of fees and the exemptions are calculated only ex- post and only for statistical purposes.

The amount of fees shown in the diagram is calculated on the basis of the most recent statistical data available and as the mean amounts for all registered students.

International students pay the same fees as national students.
Italy 2015/16 - student fees and grants
Higher education institutions (HEIs) define the fees at the beginning of the academic year and they differentiate them according to the students' socio-economic background, field of studies, cycle, study status – full-time or parttime – and year of registration. Furthermore, HEIs are obliged to exempt students benefiting from student support, and they can also exempt some students on the basis of merit. The overall amount of fees at the end of financial year should not be higher than 20 % of public funding. The Ministry responsible for higher education sets the amount of the minimum fee for enrolment. For the academic year 2015/16, it is EUR 199.58.

The fee amounts shown in the diagram are calculated on the basis of the most recent statistical data available (2013-2014). International students pay the same fees as national students.
Latvia 2013/14 - student fees and grants
Students studying on state subsidised places do not pay fees. 55 % of 1st cycle students and 40 % of 2nd cycle students pay fees.

The majority of students, including those enrolled in evening courses, distance courses or courses offered jointly with other universities pay fees.

Fee amounts vary by field and course load. Each higher education institution can set its own fees. The fees range from LVL 680 to 3 400 per year for full-time studies and from LVL 630 to 1 460 for part-time studies in the 1st cycle. In the 2nd cycle fees range from LVL 800 to 4 582 for full-time studies and from LVL 640 to 2 288 for part-time studies per year. For college programmes or short-cycle programmes (ISCED 5B) the fees range from LVL 550 to 900. However, some of the higher education institutions apply a diversified tuition fee amount throughout the study years, i.e. usually the fee in the first year of studies is the lowest.

The amounts of fees for international students may differ in some study programmes (e.g. medicine, dentistry, engineering) and range from LVL 980 to 7 028 (2012/13) in the 1st cycle. In the 2nd cycle, fees range from LVL 1 100 to 8 434 for full-time studies and from LVL 650 to 6 470 (2012/13) for part-time studies per year. The students from EU and EEA are treated as home students.
Latvia 2015/16 - student fees and grants
Students studying on state subsidised places do not pay fees. 63 % of 1st cycle students and 49 % of 2nd cycle students pay fees (2014/15).

The majority of students, including those enrolled in evening courses, distance courses or courses offered jointly with other universities pay fees.Fee amounts vary by field and course load. Each higher education institution (HEI) can set its own fees. Fees are lower in regional HEIs and highest in the capital Riga. The fees range from EUR 1 280 to 7 000 per year for fulltime studies and from EUR 700 to 2 700 for  part-time studies in the 1st cycle. In the 2nd cycle, fees range from EUR 1 080 to 8 626 for full-time studies and from EUR 880 to 12 500 for part-time studies per year. For short-cycle tertiary education or college programmes (ISCED level 5), the fees range from EUR 555 to 7 400 for full-time studies per year and EUR 570 to 2 422 for part-time studies per year. Fees in a long-cycle programmes (medicine, paediatrics, dentistry) varies from EUR 2 800 to 11 500 per year.

The amounts of fees for international students may differ in some study programmes (e.g. medicine, dentistry, engineering) and are usually higher. Students from EU and EEA are treated as home students. However, fees for studying in programmes provided in the English language are usually higher than of the programmes with the Latvian language of instruction.
Liechtenstein 2013/14 - student fees and grants
All students at the University of Liechtenstein pay an annual fee of CHF 1 500 (CHF 750 per semester).

The same amount of fees is applicable to all students including the international ones.
Liechtenstein 2015/16 - student fees and grants
Higher education institutions define their fee systems autonomously.

All students (including the international ones) at the University of Liechtenstein pay an annual fee of CHF 1 700 (CHF 850 per semester).
Lithuania 2013/14 - student fees and grants
Students studying in state subsidised places do not pay fees. There are exceptions after changing study programme (if study programme fees are higher than previous study programme fees).

All fees vary depending on the study programme (influenced by study field) or study forms (full-time/ part-time).

In the first cycle, fees range between LTL 3 238 and 18 162 per year in full-time studies and between LTL 2 159 and 12 108 per year in part-time studies.

In the second cycle, fees range between LTL 7 308 and 21 578 per year in full-time and from LTL 4 872 to 14 386 per year in part-time studies.

Higher education institutions (HEIs) can determine higher tuition fees for citizens of non-EU and non-EEA countries.
Lithuania 2015/16 - student fees and grants
Students studying in state subsidised places do not pay fees. There are exceptions if students change their study programme. All fees are determined by Government and vary depending on the study  programme (influenced by study field) or the form of study (full-time/part-time).

First cycle fees range from EUR 1 053 to 11 587 per year in full-time studies and between EUR 702 and 7 725 per year in part-time studies.

Second cycle fees range from EUR 2 242 and 12 581 per year in full-time and from EUR 1 495 to EUR 8 387 per year in part-time studies.

Higher education institutions (HEIs) can set different fees for citizens of non-EU and non-EEA countries.
Malta 2013/14 - student fees and grants
1st cycle: No fees apply for Maltese and EU students following first-cycle full-time courses at the University of Malta and the Malta College of Arts, Science and Technology (MCAST). Part-time courses are only offered by the University of Malta. Fees for part-time studies range from EUR 350 to 1 200/semester. The most common value is EUR 350/semester.

2nd cycle: An annual enrolment fee of EUR 400 applies for all Maltese and EU students following second-cycle full-time day courses at the University of Malta. Students following second-cycle degree courses offered jointly by foreign universities pay higher fees which are not quoted in the table. MCAST does not provide second-cycle degree courses. Full-time evening courses range from EUR 1 100 to 1 600/semester (most common EUR 1 450) and part-time studies from EUR 550 to 2 600/semester (most common value EUR 725).

International students pay fees for both first-cycle and second-cycle degree programmes, which fees are higher than those paid by Maltese and EU nationals.
Malta 2015/16 - student fees and grants
First cycle: No fees apply for Maltese and EU nationals following first-cycle full-time courses at the University of Malta and the Malta College of Arts, Science and Technology (MCAST). Part-time courses are only offered by the University of Malta. The majority of fees for first-cycle part-time students courses are EUR 900 per year.

Second cycle: An annual fee of EUR 400 applies for all Maltese and EU nationals following second-cycle full-time courses at the University of Malta. Students following courses offered jointly with foreign universities pay higher fees. Fees for full-time evening courses range from EUR 2 200 to EUR 9 666 per year (most common is EUR 3 200) and fees for part-time studies range from EUR 1 200 to EUR 5 550 per year (most common is EUR 1 600).

International students pay fees for both first-cycle and second-cycle degree programmes, and these fees are higher than those paid by Maltese and EU nationals.
Montenegro 2013/14 - student fees and grants
25 % of total number of students at the public University of Montenegro (only public higher education institution in Montenegro), have status of the budget financed students. 75 % of students at the University of Montenegro pay tuition fee.

Minimum fee for self-financed students is EUR 500/year for the first cycle; maximum fee is EUR 1 000/year. The most common fee in the first cycle is EUR 500/year.

In the second cycle (master study programme) fees are between EUR 1 500 and 2 000/year. All master degree students at the public university are obliged to pay fees.

In accordance with the Law on Higher Education foreign citizens have the right to be admitted into the study programmes in Montenegro under the same conditions as Montenegrin citizens who pay the tuition fees in compliance with this law and the institution statute, unless otherwise stipulated by an international agreement.
Montenegro 2015/16 - student fees and grants
1st cycle

Students not financed from the state budget pay tuition fees. In the first cycle at the public higher education institution University of Montenegro (the only public university) the fee is between EUR 400 and EUR 1 000 per year, depending on the study profile. The most common fee level is EUR 500.

Self-financing students who pass all exams may become budget-funded students if there are places available on their study programme. Those students are chosen on the basis of the ECTS gained and academic performance during their studies.

There is no distinction between full and part time students.

2nd cycle

Fees at the second cycle are between EUR 1 500-2 000 per year.

International students are charged the same fees as Montenegrin students.
Norway 2013/14 - student fees and grants
No fees at public higher education institutions, catering for over 85 % of all students in Norway.

Government-dependent private higher education institutions may on certain conditions charge tuition fees.

International students do not pay fees at public higher education institutions.
Norway 2015/16 - student fees and grants
No fees for either full or part time students at public higher education institutions, which cater for over 85 % of all students in Norway.

Government-dependent private higher education institutions may on certain conditions charge tuition fees, and these fees must be used to benefit students.

International students are treated as home students, and do not pay fees at public higher education institutions.
Nothern Ireland 2013/14 - student fees and grants
1st cycle full-time – fees are set by institutions but capped at a maximum of GBP 3 575 for institutions with an access agreement outlining its provision of student support, including bursaries and outreach activities. Students are not required to pay up front and can apply for a loan to cover the full fee. Repayments are income-contingent and made at the rate of 9 % of income above the threshold of GBP 16 365. These fees apply to Northern Ireland and EU student; fees for UK students from England, Scotland and Wales are charged up to GBP 9 000 though for students from Wales this can be offset by a fee grant from the Welsh Government.

1st cycle part-time – fees are unregulated.

2nd cycle – fees are unregulated. The ‘most common’ fee (GBP 3 900) represents an indicative amount for doctoral research programmes (which may incorporate masters level study) set by the Research Councils and used as a guide by many institutions. Actual fees charged vary widely, particularly for taught programmes.

1st and 2nd cycle international students – fees are unregulated.
Nothern Ireland 2015/16 - student fees and grants
1st cycle full-time – fees are set by institutions but capped at GBP 3 805 for institutions with an access agreement outlining its provision of student support, including bursaries and outreach activities. Students are not required to pay up front and can apply for a loan to cover the full fee. Repayments are income-contingent and made at the rate of 9 per cent of income above the earning threshold of GBP 17 335.

The Student Loans Company (SLC) also funds Northern Irish-domiciled students to study elsewhere in the UK where they may have to pay up to GBP 9 000. The average amount paid by SLC per student in 2013/14 was GBP 3 930.

1st cycle part-time – fees are unregulated and loans are not available.

2nd cycle – fees are unregulated and vary widely. The ‘most common’ figure of GBP 4 052 represents the indicative fee level for research students in 2015/16, set by Research Councils UK.

1st and 2nd cycle international students – fees are unregulated.
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Source: Eurydice, National Student Fee and Support Systems 2013/2014 - 2015/2016

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