Public fee and support system for students in Europe

Country
Date of publication

Hungary 2013/14 - student fees and grants

Country: Hungary
Date of publication: 2013/2014
Fees - first cycle (euro): min 795 - max 5532
Fees - second cycle (euro): min 1556 - 6569
Fees - note: 43 % of students paid fees (Oct. 2012)
Grants - note: 22 % of state-funded students received a merit-based grant and 15 % a need-based grant (Oct. 2012)
Need-based grant (euro): min 411
Merit-based grant (euro): min 206

National student fee

Higher education institutions (HEIs) specify the amount of fees in accordance with a government decree.

Fees are charged to students without a state-funded place. State-funded places are awarded to students on the basis of their performance in the admission procedure. [2012: 57 % of places were state-funded.]

The fees range from HUF 230 000 to 1 600 000 in 1st cycle and from HUF 450 000 to 1 900 000 in 2nd cycle. The fees are between HUF 300 000 and 2 700 000 in undivided long programmes.

Best-performing students with non-state-funded status can obtain state-funded status during their studies. On the other hand, state-funded students who exceed the prescribed period of study or do not obtain at least 50 % of the prescribed number of credits and the marks determined by the HEI lose their state-funded status.

International students pay the same amount of fees as non-state-funded students.

Student grants

The regular need-based grant is paid for a period of 10 months/year.

The minimum of the grant specified by the law for the disadvantaged, for students with one living parent and those under legal guardianship until the age of 18 is HUF 119 000/academic year. The minimum of the grant specified by the law for the disabled, multiple disadvantaged, orphans, students supporting dependents or those from a large family is HUF 238 000/academic year.

In addition to the regular (monthly) need-based grant (shown in the diagram above), there is a scholarship scheme jointly financed by municipalities and higher education institutions (Bursa Hungarica scholarship). One-off initial and emergency grants are also available.

Only state-funded students can receive a merit-based grant. In order to receive a merit-based grant, students have to obtain a certain number of credits or a minimum mark stipulated by the HEI. The grants are paid for a period of 10 months/year.

A maximum of 50 % of students at state-funded places are awarded a merit-based grant.

The minimum of the grant specified in the law is HUF 59 500/academic year.

The diagram does not contain data on the 'Scholarship of the Hungarian Republic', which is granted only to the best performing students (maximum 0.8 % of state-funded students) and is a significantly higher amount.

Loans

A government-subsidised loan (Student Loan 1) is available for both state-funded and fee-paying students (max. HUF 50 000/month for a period of 10 months/year). Orphans and those with unemployed parents can receive HUF 10 000/month more. The maximum duration is 5 years (7 for longer diploma courses such as medicine). Students below 35 years of age are eligible. It is a general-purpose loan.

A second type of student loan (Student Loan 2) has been available for fee-paying students since the academic year 2012/13. It is a government subsidised loan with interest rates lower than for Student Loan 1 (above). It can only be spent on tuition fees and it can cover the whole of the tuition fee. Fee paying students can take out both types of loans to cover both study costs and living costs.

Tax benefit for student's parents

No tax benefits for parents or family allowances.

Family allowances

No tax benefits for parents or family allowances.



Source: Eurydice, National Student Fee and Support Systems 2013/2014 - 2015/2016
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