Beginning and end of the academic year

Country
Year
Found: 32
CountryBeginning of the academic yearEnd of the academic year
Austria 2015/16 - beginning and end of the academic year
Type of programme: Universities:
1 October 2015

Type  of  programme:  Fachhochschulen  (Universities  of  applied  science):
Institutions  are  autonomous.  Starts  generally between 1 September and 10 October.


Type of programme: Universities
30 September 2015

Type of programme: Fachhochschulen

Institutions are autonomous. The academic year usually ends at the date the new one begins.


Belgium 2015/16 - beginning and end of the academic year
Belgium - Flemish Community

At the earliest 1 September and at the latest 1 October. Occurs generally between mid-September and 1 October.

Belgium - French Community

The legal act of 7 November 2013 fixes annually the beginning and end of each four-month term. The academic year is a one-year period beginning on 14 September 2015.
In practice, teaching activities begin around 14 September in most institutions. In order to encourage student and staff mobility within the French Community, the government may lay down further conditions when determining this academic calendar.
(Relative) institutional autonomy

Belgium - German-speaking Community

2 September 2015 The relevant legislation states that the government fixes the date of the beginning of the academic year between 1 September and 15 September.
Belgium - Flemish Community

The day before the start of the new academic year. For most students the academic year ends de facto after the last examination.

Belgium - French Community

Le 13 septembre de l'annee suivante

Belgium - German-speaking Community

The relevant legislation states that the government fixes the end of the academic year on the first Friday in July at the latest.

Croatia 2015/16 - beginning and end of the academic year
1 October 2015 30 September 2016 
Czech Republic 2015/16 - beginning and end of the academic year
Type of programme: ISCED 6-8:
Institutions are autonomous. The academic year usually begins during September or early October.

Type of programme: ISCED 655:
1 September 2015 (the exact date is set by the school head in accordance with the accredited educational programme).
Type of programme: ISCED 6-8:
Institutions are autonomous. The academic year ends on the day before the new one begins.

Type of programme: ISCED 655:
31 August 2016
Denmark 2015/16 - beginning and end of the academic year

The universities are autonomous. The academic year at long-cycle higher education institutions (universities) is normally divided into two semesters and begins typically:

1) Early September (autumn semester)

2) Early February (spring semester)

The academic year runs from 1 September and ends 31 August, but normally with holidays/periods with no teaching between 30 June and 31 August.


Estonia 2015/16 - beginning and end of the academic year

Institutions are autonomous. Occurs generally between the last week in August and the first week in September.

Between the last week in June and the first week in July.
Finland 2015/16 - beginning and end of the academic year
1 August 2015 31 July 2015
France 2015/16 - beginning and end of the academic year

Type of programme: University studies:

Institutional autonomy. Almost everywhere the period is between 15 September and 15 October.

Type of programme: non-university studies:

Institutional autonomy, although all institutions open at the beginning of September or later in the same month.
Type of programme: University studies:

No precise date. Institutional autonomy. In practice, the academic year ends after the final examination, in June or at the beginning of July.

Type of programme: non-university studies:

No precise date. Institutional autonomy. In practice, the academic year ends after the final examination, in June or at the beginning of July.

Germany 2015/16 - beginning and end of the academic year
1 October 2015 30 September 2016
Greece 2015/16 - beginning and end of the academic year
1 September 2015 31 August 2016
Hungary 2015/16 - beginning and end of the academic year
Usually between 1 and 10 September Institutional autonomy.

Ends around late June. The exact date is fixed by the institutions.

Iceland 2015/16 - beginning and end of the academic year
Institutions are autonomous. The beginning of the academic year is generally round mid-August. No precise date. The academic year ends de facto after the last examination.
Ireland 2015/16 - beginning and end of the academic year
1 September 2015, Universities and Institutes of Technology are
autonomous bodies. Occurs generally in September or October.
Universities and Institutes of Technology are autonomous bodies. For Universities, the academic year generally ends at the date the new one begins. For Institutes of Technology, the academic year generally ends in June.
Italy 2015/16 - beginning and end of the academic year
1 October 2015 30 September 2016
Latvia 2015/16 - beginning and end of the academic year
Occurs generally in the first week of September, but may differ among institutions which are autonomous.The academic year generally ends after the last examination of spring or summer semester.
Liechtenstein 2015/16 - beginning and end of the academic year
1 September 201531 August 2016
Lithuania 2015/16 - beginning and end of the academic year
Institutions are autonomous. As a rule the beginning of the academic year is 1 September.Institutions are autonomous. As a rule, the academic year ends on 31 August.
Luxembourg 2015/16 - beginning and end of the academic year
15 September 2015

4 July 2016

Macedonia 2015/16 - beginning and end of the academic year
15 September 2015

15 September 2016

Malta 2015/16 - beginning and end of the academic year
Type of programme: Malta College of Arts, Science and Technology:

1 September 2015

Type of programme: University of Malta:

1 October 2015 (1st year students)
28 September 2015 (continuing students)

Type of programme: Malta College of Arts, Science and Technology:

8 July 2016

Type of programme: University of Malta:

30 June 2016


Montenegro 2015/16 - beginning and end of the academic year
24 August 2015,  (24 August – 6 September 2015 additional
examination term will be organized)
13 July 2016
Netherlands 2015/16 - beginning and end of the academic year
1 September 201531 August 2016
Norway 2015/16 - beginning and end of the academic year
Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) are autonomous. Generally mid-August HEIs are autonomous. The academic year generally ends at the end of June.
Poland 2015/16 - beginning and end of the academic year
Institutions are autonomous. Usually the beginning of October.Institutions are autonomous.
Portugal 2015/16 - beginning and end of the academic year
Higher education institutions of (universities and polytechnic institutes) are autonomous. Generally the year begins between 15 September and 15 October.Institutions are autonomous. The academic year generally ends on 31 July.
Romania 2015/16 - beginning and end of the academic year
According the Law of the National Education (Law 1/2011 with subsequent completions), the university year usually begins on the first working day of October; it includes two semesters and ends on 30 September in the next calendar year. Institutions are autonomous. Generally at the end of September.
Slovakia 2015/16 - beginning and end of the academic year
1 September 2015 31 August 2016
Slovenia 2015/16 - beginning and end of the academic year
1 October 201530 September 2016
Spain 2015/16 - beginning and end of the academic year
Type of programme: University tertiary education:

Between the first and the third week of September 2015.

Type of programme: non-university tertiary education:

Between 1 September 2015
Type of programme: University tertiary education

One day before the beginning of the 2016/17 academic year

Type of programme: non-university tertiary education:

30 June 2016
Sweden 2015/16 - beginning and end of the academic year
Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) are autonomous. Generally between end of August – beginning of SeptemberGenerally ends at the end of May or beginning of June. During June-September, most HEIs offer single subject courses of 7.5-10 ECTS credits.
Turkey 2015/16 - beginning and end of the academic year
Universities are autonomous. The autumn semester begins generally in September or October and the spring semester in February.Universities are autonomous. Generally autumn semester ends in December and the spring semester in May or June. Summer semesters last from the end of June until mid-August.
United Kingdom (England, Wales and Northern Ireland) 2015/16 - beginning and end of the academic year
1 August 201531 July 2016
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