Beginning of the academic yearHigher education institutions of (universities and polytechnic institutes) are autonomous. Generally the year begins between 15 September and 15 October.
Teaching activity and holidays of the academic yearInstitutions are autonomous and fix all periods of teaching activity and holidays.
Examinations of the academic year
The teaching department, teachers and students are entirely free to fix examination dates jointly. Normally there are two examinations periods:
• 1st: between the end of December and the end of February;
• 2nd: between the beginning of June and the end of July.
End of the academic yearInstitutions are autonomous. The academic year generally ends on 31 July.