The universities are autonomous. The academic year at long-cycle higher education institutions (universities) is normally divided into two semesters and begins typically:
1) Early September (autumn semester)
2) Early February (spring semester)
The universities fix all periods of teaching activities and holidays themselves. The typical duration of teaching activities is:
1) Early September - mid-December
2) Early February - mid-May
The universities fix the dates of examinations autonomously, but generally the period of examinations are:
Fall Semester: typically December and two-three weeks in January
Spring Semester: Mid and end of May and two-three weeks in June
Re-examinations are mainly placed in August before the start of a new academic year.
The academic year runs from 1 September and ends 31 August, but normally with holidays/periods with no teaching between 30 June and 31 August.