Beginning and end of the academic year

Country
Year
Found: 136
CountryBeginning of the academic yearEnd of the academic year
Austria 2014/15 - beginning and end of the academic year
Type of programme: Universities:
1 October 2014

Type  of  programme:  Fachhochschulen  (Universities  of  applied  science):
Institutions  are  autonomous.  Starts  generally between 1 September and 10 October.


Type of programme: Universities
30 September 2015

Type of programme: Fachhochschulen

Institutions are autonomous. The academic year usually ends at the date the new one begins.


Austria 2015/16 - beginning and end of the academic year
Type of programme: Universities:
1 October 2015

Type  of  programme:  Fachhochschulen  (Universities  of  applied  science):
Institutions  are  autonomous.  Starts  generally between 1 September and 10 October.


Type of programme: Universities
30 September 2015

Type of programme: Fachhochschulen

Institutions are autonomous. The academic year usually ends at the date the new one begins.


Austria 2016/17 - beginning and end of the academic year
Type of programme: Universities:
1 October 2016

Type  of  programme:  Fachhochschulen  (Universities  of  applied  science):
Institutions  are  autonomous.  Starts  generally between 1 September and 10 October.


Type of programme: Universities
30 September 2017

Type of programme: Fachhochschulen

Institutions are autonomous. The academic year usually ends at the date the new one begins.


Austria 2017/18 - beginning and end of the academic year
Type of programme: Universities:
1 October 2017

Type  of  programme:  Fachhochschulen  (Universities  of  applied  science):
Institutions  are  autonomous.  Starts  generally between 1 September and 10 October.


Type of programme: Universities
30 September 2018

Type of programme: Fachhochschulen

Institutions are autonomous. The academic year usually ends at the date the new one begins.


Belgium 2014/15 - beginning and end of the academic year
Belgium - Flemish Community

At the earliest 1 September and at the latest 1 October. Occurs generally between 15 September and 1 October.

Belgium - French Community

The legal act of 7 November 2013 fixes annually the beginning and end of each four-month term. The academic year is a one-year period beginning on 15 September 2015. In practice, teaching activities begin around 15 September in most institutions. In order to encourage student and staff mobility within the French Community, the government may lay down further conditions when determining this academic calendar. (Relative) institutional autonomy.

Belgium - German-speaking Community

2 September 2014 The relevant legislation states that the government fixes the date of the beginning of the academic year between 1 September and 15 September.
Belgium - Flemish Community

The day before the start of the new academic year. For most students the academic year ends de facto after the last examination.

Belgium - French Community

Le 13 septembre de l'annee suivante

Belgium - German-speaking Community

The relevant legislation states that the government fixes the end of the academic year on the first Friday in July at the latest.

Belgium 2015/16 - beginning and end of the academic year
Belgium - Flemish Community

At the earliest 1 September and at the latest 1 October. Occurs generally between mid-September and 1 October.

Belgium - French Community

The legal act of 7 November 2013 fixes annually the beginning and end of each four-month term. The academic year is a one-year period beginning on 14 September 2015.
In practice, teaching activities begin around 14 September in most institutions. In order to encourage student and staff mobility within the French Community, the government may lay down further conditions when determining this academic calendar.
(Relative) institutional autonomy

Belgium - German-speaking Community

2 September 2015 The relevant legislation states that the government fixes the date of the beginning of the academic year between 1 September and 15 September.
Belgium - Flemish Community

The day before the start of the new academic year. For most students the academic year ends de facto after the last examination.

Belgium - French Community

Le 13 septembre de l'annee suivante

Belgium - German-speaking Community

The relevant legislation states that the government fixes the end of the academic year on the first Friday in July at the latest.

Belgium 2016/17 - beginning and end of the academic year
Belgium - Flemish Community

At the earliest 1 September and at the latest 1 October. Occurs generally between mid-September and 1 October.

Belgium - French Community

The legal act of 7 November 2013 fixes annually the beginning and end of each four-month term. The academic year is a one-year period beginning on 14 September 2015.
In practice, teaching activities begin around 14 September in most institutions. In order to encourage student and staff mobility within the French Community, the government may lay down further conditions when determining this academic calendar.
(Relative) institutional autonomy

Belgium - German-speaking Community

2 September 2015 The relevant legislation states that the government fixes the date of the beginning of the academic year between 1 September and 15 September.
Belgium - Flemish Community

The day before the start of the new academic year. For most students the academic year ends de facto after the last examination.

Belgium - French Community

13 September of the next year

Belgium - German-speaking Community

The  relevant  legislation  states  that  the government  fixes  the  end  of  the  academic year on the first Friday in July at the latest. 

Belgium 2017/18 - beginning and end of the academic year
Belgium - Flemish Community

At the earliest 1 September and at the latest 1 October. Occurs generally between mid- September and 1 October.

Belgium - French Community

The legal act of 7 November 2013 fixes annually the beginning and end of each four-month term.
The academic year is a one-year period beginning on 14 September 2017.
In practice, teaching activities begin around 14 September in most institutions. In order to encourage student and staff mobility within the French Community, the government may lay down further conditions when determining this academic calendar.
(Relative) institutional autonomy

Belgium - German-speaking Community


4 September 2017 The relevant legislation states that the government fixes the date of the beginning of the academic year between 1 September and 15 September.
Belgium - Flemish Community

The day before the start of the new academic year. For most students the academic year ends de facto after the last examination.

Belgium - French Community

13 September of the next year

Belgium - German-speaking Community

The relevant legislation states that the government fixes the end of the academic year on the first Friday in July at the latest.

Bosnia and Herzegovina 2016/17 - beginning and end of the academic year

Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina:

1 October 2016

Republic of Srpsk:

3 October 2016
Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina:
30 September 2017

Republic of Srpsk:
2 October 2017
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2017/18 - beginning and end of the academic year

Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina:

1 October 2017

Republic of Srpsk:

2 October 2017
Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina:
30 September 2018

Republic of Srpsk:
3 October 2018
Bulgaria 2016/17 - beginning and end of the academic year
1 October is assumed as the official start of the new academic year. However, due to the autonomy of higher education institutions (HEIs), starting dates vary from one institution to another. HEIs are autonomous. The academic year generally ends between end-June and mid-July.
Bulgaria 2017/18 - beginning and end of the academic year
1 October is assumed as the official start of the new academic year. However, due to the autonomy of higher education institutions (HEIs), starting dates vary from one institution to another.
HEIs are autonomous. The academic year generally ends between end-June and mid-July.
Croatia 2014/15 - beginning and end of the academic year
1 October 2014 30 September 2015 
Croatia 2015/16 - beginning and end of the academic year
1 October 2015 30 September 2016 
Croatia 2016/17 - beginning and end of the academic year
1 October 2016 30 September 2017
Cyprus 2016/17 - beginning and end of the academic year
Public universities in Cyprus are autonomous as regards to their modus operandi and their schedules are determined by the universities themselves. The beginning of the academic year usually occurs between 1 and 15 September. (In the academic year 2016/17, at the UCY and CUT, classes start on 5 September, whereas OUC’s first student-tutor communication takes place in the first week of October.)

  1. University of Cyprus (UCY)
  2. Open University of Cyprus (OUC) 
  3. Cyprus University of Technology (CUT)
The academic year traditionally ends at the end of July for all universities.
Cyprus 2017/18 - beginning and end of the academic year
Public Universities in Cyprus are autonomous as regards to their modus operandi. Their schedules are determined by the universities themselves. The academic year usually starts between 1 and 15 September. At the UCY and the CUT classes start on 4 September 2017, whereas the OUC’s first student-tutor communication starts on 18 September 2017.

  1. University of Cyprus (UCY)
  2. Open University of Cyprus (OUC) 
  3. Cyprus University of Technology (CUT)
The academic year traditionally ends at the end of July for all Universities.
Czech Republic 2014/15 - beginning and end of the academic year
Type of programme: ISCED 5A:
Institutions are autonomous. The academic year usually begins during September or early October.

Type of programme: ISCED 5B:
1 September 2014 (the exact date is set by the school head in accordance with the accredited educational programme).
Type of programme: ISCED 5A:
Institutions are autonomous. The academic year ends on the day before the new one begins.

Type of programme: ISCED 5B:
31 August 2015
Czech Republic 2015/16 - beginning and end of the academic year
Type of programme: ISCED 6-8:
Institutions are autonomous. The academic year usually begins during September or early October.

Type of programme: ISCED 655:
1 September 2015 (the exact date is set by the school head in accordance with the accredited educational programme).
Type of programme: ISCED 6-8:
Institutions are autonomous. The academic year ends on the day before the new one begins.

Type of programme: ISCED 655:
31 August 2016
Czech Republic 2016/17 - beginning and end of the academic year
Type of programme: ISCED 6-8:
Institutions are autonomous. The academic year  usually  begins  during  September  or early October.

Type of programme: ISCED 655:
1 September 2016 (the exact date is set by the  school  head  in  accordance  with  the accredited educational programme).
Type of programme: ISCED 6-8:
Institutions are autonomous. The academic year  ends  on  the  day  before  the  new  one begins.

Type of programme: ISCED 655:
31 August 2017
Czech Republic 2017/18 - beginning and end of the academic year
Type of programme: ISCED 6-8:
Institutions are autonomous. The academic year usually begins during September or early October.

Type of programme: ISCED 655:
1 September 2017 (the exact date is set by the school head in accordance with the accredited educational programme).
Type of programme: ISCED 6-8:
Institutions are autonomous. The academic year ends on the day before the new one begins.

Type of programme: ISCED 655:
31 August 2018
Denmark 2014/15 - beginning and end of the academic year

The universities are autonomous. The academic year at long-cycle higher education institutions (universities) is normally divided into two semesters and begins typically:

1) Early September (autumn semester)

2) Early February (spring semester)

The academic year runs from 1 September and ends 31 August, but normally with holidays/periods with no teaching between 30 June and 31 August.


Denmark 2015/16 - beginning and end of the academic year

The universities are autonomous. The academic year at long-cycle higher education institutions (universities) is normally divided into two semesters and begins typically:

1) Early September (autumn semester)

2) Early February (spring semester)

The academic year runs from 1 September and ends 31 August, but normally with holidays/periods with no teaching between 30 June and 31 August.


Denmark 2016/17 - beginning and end of the academic year
The  universities  are  autonomous.  The academic  year  at  long-cycle  higher education  institutions  (universities)  is normally  divided  into  two  semesters  and begins typically:  
1) Early September (autumn semester)  
2) Early February (spring semester)  
The academic year runs from 1 September and ends 31 August, but normally with holidays/periods with no teaching between 30 June and 31 August.
Denmark 2017/18 - beginning and end of the academic year
The universities are autonomous. The academic year at long-cycle higher education institutions (universities) is normally divided into two semesters and begins typically:
1) Early September (autumn semester)
2) Early February (spring semester)
The academic year runs from 1 September and ends 31 August, but normally with holidays/periods with no teaching between 30 June and 31 August.
Estonia 2014/15 - beginning and end of the academic year

Institutions are autonomous. Occurs generally between the last week in August and the first week in September.

Between the last week in June and the first week in July.
Estonia 2015/16 - beginning and end of the academic year

Institutions are autonomous. Occurs generally between the last week in August and the first week in September.

Between the last week in June and the first week in July.
Estonia 2016/17 - beginning and end of the academic year
Institutions are autonomous. Occurs generally between the last week in August and the first week in September Between the last week in June and the first week in July
Estonia 2017/18 - beginning and end of the academic year
Institutions are autonomous. Occurs generally between the last week in August and the first week in September Between the last week in June and the first week in July.
Finland 2014/15 - beginning and end of the academic year
1 August 2014 31 July 2015
Finland 2015/16 - beginning and end of the academic year
1 August 2015 31 July 2015
Finland 2016/17 - beginning and end of the academic year
1 August 2016
31 July 2017
Finland 2017/18 - beginning and end of the academic year
1 August 2017 31 July 2018
France 2014/15 - beginning and end of the academic year

Type of programme: University studies:

Institutional autonomy. Almost everywhere the period is between 15 September and 15 October.

Type of programme: non-university studies:

Institutional autonomy, although all institutions open at the beginning of September or later in the same month.
Type of programme: University studies:

No precise date. Institutional autonomy. In practice, the academic year ends after the final examination, in June or at the beginning of July.

Type of programme: non-university studies:

No precise date. Institutional autonomy. In practice, the academic year ends after the final examination, in June or at the beginning of July.

France 2015/16 - beginning and end of the academic year

Type of programme: University studies:

Institutional autonomy. Almost everywhere the period is between 15 September and 15 October.

Type of programme: non-university studies:

Institutional autonomy, although all institutions open at the beginning of September or later in the same month.
Type of programme: University studies:

No precise date. Institutional autonomy. In practice, the academic year ends after the final examination, in June or at the beginning of July.

Type of programme: non-university studies:

No precise date. Institutional autonomy. In practice, the academic year ends after the final examination, in June or at the beginning of July.

France 2016/17 - beginning and end of the academic year

Type of programme: University studies:

Institutional  autonomy.  Almost  everywhere the  period  is  between  15 September  and 15 October.

Type of programme: non-university studies:

Institutional  autonomy,  although  all institutions  open  at  the  beginning  of  September or later in the same month.
Type of programme: University studies:

No  precise  date.  Institutional  autonomy.  In practice,  the  academic  year  ends  after  the final  examination,  in  June  or  at  the beginning of July.

Type of programme: non-university studies:

No precise date. Institutional autonomy. In practice, the academic year ends after the final  examination,  in  June  or  at  the beginning of July.

France 2017/18 - beginning and end of the academic year

Type of programme:

Institutional autonomy. Almost everywhere the period is between 15 September and 15 October.

Type of programme: non-university studies:

Institutional autonomy, although all institutions open at the beginning of September or later in the same month.

Type of programme: University studies:

No precise date. Institutional autonomy. In practice, the academic year ends after the final examination, in June or at the beginning of July.

Type of programme: non-university studies:

No precise date. Institutional autonomy. In practice, the academic year ends after the final examination, in June or at the beginning of July.

Germany 2014/15 - beginning and end of the academic year
1 October 2014 30 September 2015
Germany 2015/16 - beginning and end of the academic year
1 October 2015 30 September 2016
Germany 2016/17 - beginning and end of the academic year
1 October 2016
30 September 2017
Germany 2017/18 - beginning and end of the academic year
1 October 2017 30 September 2018
Greece 2014/15 - beginning and end of the academic year
1 September 2014 31 August 2015
Greece 2015/16 - beginning and end of the academic year
1 September 2015 31 August 2016
Greece 2016/17 - beginning and end of the academic year
1 September 201631 August 2017
Greece 2017/18 - beginning and end of the academic year
1 September 201731 August 2018
Hungary 2014/15 - beginning and end of the academic year
Usually between 1 and 10 September Institutional autonomy.

Ends around late June. The exact date is fixed by the institutions.

Hungary 2015/16 - beginning and end of the academic year
Usually between 1 and 10 September Institutional autonomy.

Ends around late June. The exact date is fixed by the institutions.

Hungary 2016/17 - beginning and end of the academic year
Usually between 1 and 10 September Institutional autonomy

Ends around late June
The exact date is fixed by the institutions. 

Hungary 2017/18 - beginning and end of the academic year
Usually between 1 and 10 September Institutional autonomy Ends around late June The exact date is fixed by the institutions.
Iceland 2014/15 - beginning and end of the academic year
Institutions are autonomous. The beginning of the academic year is generally round midAugust. No precise date. The academic year ends de facto after the last examination.
Iceland 2015/16 - beginning and end of the academic year
Institutions are autonomous. The beginning of the academic year is generally round mid-August. No precise date. The academic year ends de facto after the last examination.
Iceland 2016/17 - beginning and end of the academic year
Institutions are autonomous. The beginning of the  academic  year  is  generally  round  mid-August.
No precise date. The academic year ends de facto after the last examination. 
Iceland 2017/18 - beginning and end of the academic year
Institutions are autonomous. The beginning of the academic year is generally round mid-August. No precise date. The academic year ends de facto after the last examination.
Ireland 2014/15 - beginning and end of the academic year
1 September 2014. Universities and Institutes of Technology are autonomous bodies. Occurs generally in September or October. Universities and Institutes of Technology are autonomous bodies. For Universities, the academic year generally ends at the date the new one begins. For Institutes of Technology, the academic year generally ends in June.
Ireland 2015/16 - beginning and end of the academic year
1 September 2015, Universities and Institutes of Technology are
autonomous bodies. Occurs generally in September or October.
Universities and Institutes of Technology are autonomous bodies. For Universities, the academic year generally ends at the date the new one begins. For Institutes of Technology, the academic year generally ends in June.
Ireland 2016/17 - beginning and end of the academic year
1 September 2016 Universities  and  Institutes  of  Technology  are
autonomous  bodies.  Occurs  generally  in  September or October.
Universities  and  Institutes  of  Technology  are autonomous  bodies.  For  Universities,  the  academic year generally ends at the date the new one begins. For  Institutes  of  Technology,  the  academic  year generally ends in June.
Ireland 2017/18 - beginning and end of the academic year
Universities and Institutes of Technology are autonomous bodies and start dates may vary but in general for 2017/18 the academic year starts on Monday 4 September. Universities and Institutes of Technology are autonomous bodies. For Universities, the academic year generally ends at the date the new one begins. For Institutes of Technology, the academic year generally ends in June.
Italy 2014/15 - beginning and end of the academic year
1 October 2014 30 September 2015
Italy 2015/16 - beginning and end of the academic year
1 October 2015 30 September 2016
Italy 2016/17 - beginning and end of the academic year
1 October 2016
30 September 2017
Italy 2017/18 - beginning and end of the academic year
1 October 2017 30 September 2018
Latvia 2014/15 - beginning and end of the academic year
Occurs generally in the first week of September, but may differ among institutions which are autonomous. The academic year generally ends after the last examination of spring or summer semester.
Latvia 2015/16 - beginning and end of the academic year
Occurs generally in the first week of September, but may differ among institutions which are autonomous.The academic year generally ends after the last examination of spring or summer semester.
Latvia 2016/17 - beginning and end of the academic year
Occurs  generally  in  the  first  week  of September, but may differ among institutions which are autonomous.
The academic year generally ends after the last examination of spring or summer semester.
Latvia 2017/18 - beginning and end of the academic year
Occurs generally in the first week of September, but may differ among institutions which are autonomous. The academic year generally ends after the last examination of spring or summer semester.
Liechtenstein 2014/15 - beginning and end of the academic year
1 September 2014 31 August 2015
Liechtenstein 2015/16 - beginning and end of the academic year
1 September 201531 August 2016
Liechtenstein 2016/17 - beginning and end of the academic year
1 September 2016
31 August 2017
Liechtenstein 2017/18 - beginning and end of the academic year
1 September 2017
31 August 2018
Lithuania 2014/15 - beginning and end of the academic year
Institutions are autonomous. As a rule the beginning of the academic year is 1 September. Institutions are autonomous. As a rule, the academic year ends on 31 August.
Lithuania 2015/16 - beginning and end of the academic year
Institutions are autonomous. As a rule the beginning of the academic year is 1 September.Institutions are autonomous. As a rule, the academic year ends on 31 August.
Lithuania 2016/17 - beginning and end of the academic year
Institutions are autonomous.  
As  a  rule  the  beginning  of  the  academic  year  is 1 September. 
Institutions are autonomous.  
As a rule, the academic year ends on 31 August.
Lithuania 2017/18 - beginning and end of the academic year
Institutions are autonomous.  
As  a  rule  the  beginning  of  the  academic  year  is 1 September. 
Institutions are autonomous.  
As a rule, the academic year ends on 31 August.
Luxembourg 2014/15 - beginning and end of the academic year
15 September 2014

5 July 2015

Luxembourg 2015/16 - beginning and end of the academic year
15 September 2015

4 July 2016

Luxembourg 2016/17 - beginning and end of the academic year
15 September 2016

10 July 2017

Luxembourg 2017/18 - beginning and end of the academic year
18 September 2017

7 July 2018

Macedonia 2014/15 - beginning and end of the academic year
15 September 2014

15 September 2015

Macedonia 2015/16 - beginning and end of the academic year
15 September 2015

15 September 2016

Macedonia 2016/17 - beginning and end of the academic year
15 September 2016

15 September 2017

Malta 2014/15 - beginning and end of the academic year
Type of programme: Malta College of Arts, Science and Technology:

1 September 2014

Type of programme: University of Malta:

1 October 2014

Type of programme: Malta College of Arts, Science and Technology:

13 July - 31 August 2015

Type of programme: University of Malta:

30 June 2015


Malta 2015/16 - beginning and end of the academic year
Type of programme: Malta College of Arts, Science and Technology:

1 September 2015

Type of programme: University of Malta:

1 October 2015 (1st year students)
28 September 2015 (continuing students)

Type of programme: Malta College of Arts, Science and Technology:

8 July 2016

Type of programme: University of Malta:

30 June 2016


Malta 2016/17 - beginning and end of the academic year
Type of programme: Malta College of Arts, Science and Technology:

1 September 2016

Type of programme: University of Malta:

3 October 2016 (1st year students)
26 September 2016 (continuing students)

Type of programme: Malta College of Arts, Science and Technology:

10 July – 31 August 2017

Type of programme: University of Malta:

30 June 2017


Malta 2017/18 - beginning and end of the academic year
Type of programme: Malta College of Arts, Science and Technology:

1 September 2017

Type of programme: University of Malta:

2 October 2017 (1st year students)
25 September 2017 (continuing students)

Type of programme: Malta College of Arts, Science and Technology:

9 July 2018

Type of programme: University of Malta:

30 June 2018


Montenegro 2014/15 - beginning and end of the academic year
8 September 2014 13 July 2015
Montenegro 2015/16 - beginning and end of the academic year
24 August 2015,  (24 August – 6 September 2015 additional
examination term will be organized)
13 July 2016
Montenegro 2016/17 - beginning and end of the academic year
29 August 2016, (29 August – 18 September 2016 additional
examination term will be organized)
24 July 2017
Montenegro 2017/18 - beginning and end of the academic year
28 August 2017 (28 August – 17 September 2017 examination term will be organized) 23 July 2018
Netherlands 2014/15 - beginning and end of the academic year
1 September 2014 31 August 2015
Netherlands 2015/16 - beginning and end of the academic year
1 September 201531 August 2016
Netherlands 2016/17 - beginning and end of the academic year
1 September 2016
31 August 2017
Netherlands 2017/18 - beginning and end of the academic year
1 September 2017
31 August 2018
Norway 2014/15 - beginning and end of the academic year
Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) are autonomous. Generally mid-August HEIs are autonomous. The academic year generally ends at the end of June.
Norway 2015/16 - beginning and end of the academic year
Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) are autonomous. Generally mid-August HEIs are autonomous. The academic year generally ends at the end of June.
Norway 2016/17 - beginning and end of the academic year
Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) are autonomous. Generally mid-August HEIs are autonomous. The academic year generally ends at the end of June.
Norway 2017/18 - beginning and end of the academic year
Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) are autonomous. Generally mid-August HEIs are autonomous. The academic year generally ends at the end of June.
Poland 2014/15 - beginning and end of the academic year
Institutions are autonomous. Usually the beginning of October (e.g. University of Warsaw (UoW): 1 October 2014). Institutions are autonomous.
Poland 2015/16 - beginning and end of the academic year
Institutions are autonomous. Usually the beginning of October.Institutions are autonomous.
Poland 2016/17 - beginning and end of the academic year
Institutions are autonomous. Usually the beginning of October (e.g. University of Warsaw University: 1 October 2016). Institutions are autonomous.
Poland 2017/18 - beginning and end of the academic year
Institutions are autonomous. Usually the beginning of October (e.g. University of Warsaw University: 1 October 2017). Institutions are autonomous. Usually the end of September (e.g. UoW: 30 September 2018).
Portugal 2014/15 - beginning and end of the academic year
Higher education institutions of (universities and polytechnic institutes) are autonomous. Generally the year begins between 15 September and 15 October.Institutions are autonomous. The academic year generally ends on 31 July.
Portugal 2015/16 - beginning and end of the academic year
Higher education institutions of (universities and polytechnic institutes) are autonomous. Generally the year begins between 15 September and 15 October.Institutions are autonomous. The academic year generally ends on 31 July.
Portugal 2016/17 - beginning and end of the academic year
Higher education institutions (universities and polytechnic institutes) are autonomous. Generally the year begins between 15 September and 15 October. Institutions are autonomous. The academic year generally ends on 31 July.
Portugal 2017/18 - beginning and end of the academic year
Higher education institutions (universities and polytechnic institutes) are autonomous. Generally the year begins between 15 September and 15 October. Institutions are autonomous. The academic year generally ends on 31 July.
Romania 2014/15 - beginning and end of the academic year
29 September is considered the official start of the academic year. Institutions are autonomous. Generally at the end of September.
Romania 2015/16 - beginning and end of the academic year
According the Law of the National Education (Law 1/2011 with subsequent completions), the university year usually begins on the first working day of October; it includes two semesters and ends on 30 September in the next calendar year. Institutions are autonomous. Generally at the end of September.
Romania 2016/17 - beginning and end of the academic year
According to the Law of the National Education (Law 1/2011 with subsequent completions), the university year usually begins on the first working day of October; it includes two semesters and ends on 30 September in the next calendar year. Institutions are autonomous. Generally at the end of September.
Romania 2017/18 - beginning and end of the academic year
According to the Law of the National Education (Law 1/2011 with subsequent completions), the university year usually begins on the first working day of October; it includes two semesters and ends on 30 September in the next calendar year. Institutions are autonomous.
Generally, at the end of September.
Serbia 2016/17 - beginning and end of the academic year
Beginning of October (3 October 2016)
Usually 30 September
Serbia 2017/18 - beginning and end of the academic year
Beginning of October (1 October 2017)
Usually 30 September
Slovakia 2014/15 - beginning and end of the academic year

1 September 2014

31 August 2015
Slovakia 2015/16 - beginning and end of the academic year
1 September 2015 31 August 2016
Slovakia 2016/17 - beginning and end of the academic year
1 September 2016
31 August 2017
Slovakia 2017/18 - beginning and end of the academic year
1 September 2017
31 August 2018
Slovenia 2014/15 - beginning and end of the academic year
1 October 2014 30 September 2015
Slovenia 2015/16 - beginning and end of the academic year
1 October 201530 September 2016
Slovenia 2016/17 - beginning and end of the academic year
3 October 2016
29 September 2017
Slovenia 2017/18 - beginning and end of the academic year
1 October 2017
30 September 2018
Spain 2014/15 - beginning and end of the academic year
Type of programme: University tertiary education:

Between the first and the third week of September 2014.

Type of programme: non-university tertiary education:

Between 1 and 3 September 2014
Type of programme: University tertiary education

One day before the beginning of the 2015/16 academic year

Type of programme: non-university tertiary education:

Between the second and third week of June
Spain 2015/16 - beginning and end of the academic year
Type of programme: University tertiary education:

Between the first and the third week of September 2015.

Type of programme: non-university tertiary education:

Between 1 September 2015
Type of programme: University tertiary education

One day before the beginning of the 2016/17 academic year

Type of programme: non-university tertiary education:

30 June 2016
Spain 2016/17 - beginning and end of the academic year
Type of programme: University tertiary education:

Between  the  first  and  the  third  week  of September 2016.

Type of programme: non-university tertiary education:

1 September 2016
Type of programme: University tertiary education

One  day  before  the  beginning  of  the  2017/18 academic year.

Type of programme: non-university tertiary education:

31 August 2017
Spain 2017/18 - beginning and end of the academic year
Type of programme: University tertiary education:
Between  the  first  and  the  third  week  of  September 2017 

Type of programme: non-university tertiary education:
1 September 2017
Type of programme: University tertiary education

Between 25 June 2018 (the earliest, University of Navarra) and one day before the beginning of the 2018/19 academic year

Type of programme: non-university tertiary education:

31 August 2018
Sweden 2014/15 - beginning and end of the academic year
Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) are autonomous. Generally between end of August - beginning of September Generally ends at the end of May or beginning of June. During June-September, most HEIs offer single subject courses of 7.5-10 ECTS credits.
Sweden 2015/16 - beginning and end of the academic year
Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) are autonomous. Generally between end of August – beginning of SeptemberGenerally ends at the end of May or beginning of June. During June-September, most HEIs offer single subject courses of 7.5-10 ECTS credits.
Sweden 2016/17 - beginning and end of the academic year
Higher  Education  Institutions  (HEIs)  are autonomous.  Generally  between  end  of August – beginning of September.
Generally ends at the end of May or beginning of June. During June-September, most HEIs offer single subject courses of 7.5-10 ECTS credits
Sweden 2017/18 - beginning and end of the academic year
Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) are autonomous. Generally between end of August – beginning of September Generally ends at the end of May or beginning of June. During June-September, most HEIs offer single subject courses of 7.5-10 ECTS credits
Switzerland 2016/17 - beginning and end of the academic year
1 August 2016 31 July 2017
Switzerland 2017/18 - beginning and end of the academic year
Type of programme: Universities, universities of applied sciences, universities of teacher education (ISCED 6 and 7):
1 August 2017

Type of programme: Colleges of professional education and training (ISCED 6):
Institutions are autonomous. Usually the academic year starts between August and October.
Type of programme: Universities, universities of applied sciences, universities of teacher education (ISCED 6 and 7):
31 July 2018

Type of programme: Colleges of professional education and training (ISCED 6):
Institutions  are  autonomous.  The  academic  year usually  ends  at  the  beginning  of  summer holidays. 
Turkey 2014/15 - beginning and end of the academic year
Universities are autonomous. The autumn semester begins generally in September or October and the spring semester in February. Universities are autonomous. Generally autumn semester ends in December and the spring semester in May or June. Summer semesters last from the end of June until mid August.
Turkey 2015/16 - beginning and end of the academic year
Universities are autonomous. The autumn semester begins generally in September or October and the spring semester in February.Universities are autonomous. Generally autumn semester ends in December and the spring semester in May or June. Summer semesters last from the end of June until mid-August.
Turkey 2016/17 - beginning and end of the academic year
Universities are autonomous. The autumn semester begins generally in September or October and the spring semester in February. Universities are autonomous. Generally autumn semester ends in December and the spring semester in May or June. Summer semesters last from the end of June until mid- August.
Turkey 2017/18 - beginning and end of the academic year
Universities are autonomous. The autumn semester begins generally in September or October and the spring semester in February. Universities are autonomous. Generally autumn semester ends in December and the spring semester in May or June. Summer semesters last from the end of June until mid-August.
United Kingdom (England, Wales and Northern Ireland) 2014/15 - beginning and end of the academic year
1 August 2014 31 July 2015
United Kingdom (England, Wales and Northern Ireland) 2015/16 - beginning and end of the academic year
1 August 201531 July 2016
United Kingdom (England, Wales and Northern Ireland) 2016/17 - beginning and end of the academic year
1 August 201631 July 2017
United Kingdom (England, Wales and Northern Ireland) 2017/18 - beginning and end of the academic year
1 August 2017
31 July 2018
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